Australian studies have shown that eating more fresh fruits every day is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Related papers have been published in the American Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Xinhua News Agency reported that Edith Kawan University recently issued a communiqué stating that the observational study used data from 7,675 Australians collected by a study by the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute in Australia to determine their intake of fruits and juices and The prevalence of diabetes after five years was analyzed.
The results show that people who eat at least 300 grams of fresh fruit a day have a 36% reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes after five years; people who eat at least 300 grams of fruit a day have more than those who consume less than 75 grams of fruit a day. Higher insulin sensitivity.
Observational research can prove that there is a correlation between events, but it cannot prove a direct cause and effect relationship.
The communiqué stated that type 2 diabetes has become an increasingly serious public health problem. It is estimated that about 450 million people worldwide suffer from type 2 diabetes, and about 370 million people are at increased risk of this disease.
Nicola Bondeno, the lead author of the research paper and a researcher at the Institute of Nutrition at Edith Kawan University, said that the study found an association between fruit intake and insulin sensitivity, indicating that fruit intake is higher. People who secrete less insulin can lower blood sugar levels.
This is essential for health, because high levels of insulin can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and other diseases. The specific mechanism by which fruit intake affects insulin sensitivity is still unclear.
The study also found that if you want to prevent type 2 diabetes, fruit juice cannot be substituted for fruit. In people who drink fruit juice, higher insulin sensitivity and lower diabetes risk are not observed.
Bondeno said that this may be due to the high sugar content of fruit juice and low fiber content. In addition to being rich in vitamins and minerals, whole fresh fruits are also an important source of phytochemicals and dietary fiber. Phytochemicals can increase insulin sensitivity. Dietary fiber helps to delay the release of glucose into the blood and maintain a sense of fullness for a longer period of time.