The U.S and China competition: US intelligence agencies have warned that the United States and its allies will face “various threats” in the coming year, making a world already affected by the coronavirus pandemic, technological changes and international competition even more unstable .
The Voice of America reported that in the 2021 Annual Threat Assessment released by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence on Tuesday (13th), China’s efforts to expand its growing influence were regarded as one of the greatest threats facing the United States. China is an increasingly competitive competitor that can rival the strength of the United States.
The report lists China’s move toward a “global power” as the first in a series of threats, followed by Russia, Iran, and North Korea. “Beijing, Moscow, Tehran, and Pyongyang have shown that despite the pandemic, they have the ability and intention to sacrifice the United States. And its allies’ interests at the expense of promoting their own interests.”
The 27-page non-confidential report stated that China has challenged the United States in many areas, especially the economic, military, and technological fields, and is pushing for changes in global norms.
This report, which summarizes the collective views of 18 American intelligence agencies, believes that the Chinese Communist Party will continue to use a whole-of-government approach to “expand China’s influence, weaken American influence, and create divisions between Washington and its allies and partners. And foster new international norms that are conducive to China’s authoritarian system.
The report believes that Beijing is increasingly combining its growing military power with economic, technological, and diplomatic influence to maintain the CCP’s rule and gain what it considers to be its own territorial and regional advantages, and to use Washington Seek international cooperation for the price.
The report also analyzed Beijing’s views on Sino-US relations. The report said: “Beijing sees increasingly competitive Sino-US relations as part of an epoch-making geopolitical shift, and believes that Washington’s economic measures against Beijing since 2018 are part of a broader US effort to contain China’s rise.”
However, it believes that Chinese leaders may seek tactical opportunities to ease tensions with Washington when it is in their own interests.
The report predicts that China will urge the Taiwan government to advance its reunification and condemn the United States’ efforts to strengthen contacts with Taipei. It is expected that tensions across the Taiwan Strait will increase, but the report does not predict any form of direct military conflict.
The US intelligence community believes that China will continue to make progress in space and satellite technology, and it is expected that China’s space station will be put into use from “2022 to 2024.”
According to the report, China uses its electronic surveillance and hacking capabilities to not only suppress domestic dissent but also conduct intrusive activities that affect people outside China. In addition, the threat of China’s cyberattacks on the United States is growing.
In terms of weapons of mass destruction, the US intelligence agency believes that China will continue its fastest nuclear arsenal expansion and platform diversification in history, and intends to at least double the size of its nuclear reserves in the next 10 years and form a triad of nuclear weapons. The system simultaneously possesses three nuclear weapons strike capabilities: land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and strategic bombers.
In the field of space, the report believes that Beijing is striving to match or surpass the space capabilities of the United States in order to reap the benefits of the military, economic, and prestige that Washington has gained from its leadership in space.
It also believes that China will continue to expand its intelligence operations around the world to better support its growing political, economic, and security interests around the world, and increasingly challenge US alliances and partnerships.
After the Office of the Director of National Intelligence released this report, US Director of National Intelligence Haynes, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Burns and other senior intelligence officials will attend Congressional hearings on Wednesday and Thursday.