The Minister of the Environment of the G20, representing the developed countries of the world, held a two-day meeting in Karuizawa, Nagano Prefecture, last weekend, focusing on the issue of marine litter surges and reaching a consensus and agreeing to adopt a new implementation framework. Reduce marine plastic waste with more specific actions. Under this new framework, G20 members will promote a comprehensive approach to prevent and reduce the discharge of plastic waste into the oceans through the independent implementation of various measures and international cooperation. In addition, countries must regularly report on the progress of the action plan and work to reduce waste plastics under mutual supervision.
Plastic waste and industrial waste are deteriorating environmental problems facing the world. Not only developed countries, backward countries, and developing countries must also raise awareness and coping capacity. Developed countries are obliged to provide funds to other developing countries. And technical assistance. The ocean is transcending national borders. Only by taking concerted action by all countries in the world can we effectively reduce plastic waste. Fortunately, more and more countries have begun to reduce the use of plastic bags and other plastic products. From the abandonment of plastic bags to straws, people must implement the “zero plastics” action more comprehensively. Therefore, people of all countries must gradually change their dependence on plastic products. habit. People can change the business motives of producing plastic products and using plastic products through changes in living habits. Actions to protect the marine and terrestrial environment must be carried out from different sources, and developed countries need to lead by example and avoid exporting waste to other countries.
Since China rejected plastic waste from foreign countries last year, many of this waste has been transferred to Southeast Asia. Recently, Southeast Asian countries have also refused to use imported garbage from developed countries. The Philippines has demanded that the Canadian government remove the plastic waste from 103 containers exported to the Philippines. However, Canada has not acted and angered the Philippines. The government has created a “junk diplomacy storm.” Last month Malaysia also announced the repatriation of 3,000 tons of plastic waste from 19 developed countries. Indonesia has also shipped five containers full of rubbish back to the United States, and another 65 containers from Europe and the United States are still under inspection. Indonesian officials have vowed that “it will not make Indonesia a junkyard.” Developing countries must send clear and strong information about “rejecting garbage” to Western developed countries in order to completely stop the irresponsible behavior of such “export garbage” in the West.
The United Nations adopted the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal at the World Conference on Environmental Protection in Basel, Switzerland, in March 1989. The Convention entered into force in May 1992. In 1995, the amendments to the Basel Convention were adopted, and more than 100 countries have signed up to join.
Therefore, there is a general consensus in the world on how to deal with dangerous and hazardous wastes. However, when implemented, some developed countries have shown selfishness, and the use of backward and developing countries to protect environmental regulations is not perfect. Business needs, and the use of garbage exports as a legitimate business act, transporting the garbage that they do not want to other countries to “handle”, thinking that they are “not seeing the net.” This ugly act harms people and does not benefit themselves. The practice itself violates the spirit of the Basel Convention and does not care about environmental issues as the basic common sense across national borders.
The G20 is now taking a more serious view of the problem of marine litter. It is recognized that the poisoning of the marine food chain will eventually retaliate against human health. The problem of land waste includes industrial waste, affecting the sanitation of water and living environment, and the consequences are equally unimaginable. In particular, water scarcity is a problem faced by many countries.
The earth is shared by mankind. In the past, developed countries in the West often opposed the excessive development of forests in poor countries on the grounds of protecting the earth’s ecology. However, on the subject of garbage disposal, they adopted a double standard. Developed countries must self-review and cooperate with other countries in a sincere manner to jointly address the global problem of hazardous waste.