The Story of INDUS RIVER : History, Civilizations, Route & unKnown facts
Originating from the Tibetan plateau on the shores of Lake Manasarovar, the river crosses the region of Jammu and Kashmir (India) to Ladakh, Gilgit-Baltistan and Hindukush chains, then flows south along the river. The length of Pakistan blends into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi, Sindh.
It is the longest river and the national river of Pakistan. During the months of July, August and September, when the river overflows, the Sindhu stretches for several kilometers in the plains.
Today, the Sindhu River serves as a key water supply in Pakistan and is at the heart of the country’s economy. The Persian name for the river was Darya, which also has the connotations of great body of water and sea. The Aryan people settled in their place, and their language and culture helped to shape the language and culture of today’s India and Pakistan. the river supports the ecosystems of temperate forests, plains and arid countryside.
The Indus Valley is located on the fertile flood plains along the river. The Sindhu River, commonly known as the Indus, is a major waterway in South Asia. The 3rd millennium BC sees the emergence of a major urban civilization of the Bronze Age. These five rivers, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, eventually flow into the Indus. It flows northwest about 200 miles before crossing the disputed territory of Kashmir in India, then to Pakistan. It finally leaves the mountainous region and empties into the sandy plains of Punjab, where its most important tributaries feed the river. In addition to drinking water, the river allows and supports the country’s agriculture. The first historical kingdoms that emerged in the Indus Valley include Gandhāra and the Ror de Sauvīra dynasty.The Sindhu River follows a complex path from its origin at 18,000 feet in the Himalayas near Mapam Lake. Remains including elegant jewelry, weights and other items. The Sindhu River system fed by snow is also subject to flash floods. Two major cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, were searched and explored.
The river has always been important to many cultures in the area. Its estimated annual flow is about 243 km, twice that of the Nile and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates combined, making it the twenty-first river in the world in terms of annual flow. Sindhu is a big part of the river system of Punjab, which means land of five rivers . One of the loThe Sindhu has a total length of more than 2,000 miles and extends south from Kailash Mountain in Tibet to the Arabian Sea in Karachi, Pakistan.
When the river is moving quickly through the passes, it moves very slowly across the plains, depositing silt and raising the level of the sand plains. The Indus River entered Western knowledge early in the classical period, when King Darius of Persia sent his Greek subject Scylax from Caryanda to explore the river, c. Around 1500 BCE, Aryan invasions began to erode what was left of the Indus Valley civilization. Towns and villages grew up in the region around 2500 BC, and civilization was at its peak between 2500 and 2000 BC, coinciding with the civilizations of the Babylonians and Egyptians.
The Sindhu River is also used as the main transportation route for commerce. The change in his proto-Iranian hs is produced between 850-600 BCE, according to Asko Parpola, 6 making his name Avestan to become Hendu, 7 From Iran, the name is passed to the Indians as Indós (Ἰνδός) and to the Romans as Indus. The Indus River (also called Sindhū or Abāsīn) is one of the longest rivers in Asia. The northern part of the Indus valley, with its tributaries form the Punjab region, while the lower Indus is known as Sindh and ends in a large delta.
The river has a total drainage area of over 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 square miles). Hindu religious practices can also have their roots in Aryan beliefs. Its main tributaries of the right bank are Shyok, Gilgit, Kabul, Gomal and Kurram. However, linguists say that the original meaning of Sindhu was not a body of water, but rather a border or a bank.
Trade has stopped and some cities have been abandoned. The reasons for this decline are unclear, but some theories include floods or drought. In the plains, its tributary on the left bank is Panjnad, which itself has five main tributaries, namely Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. At its peak, the Indus Valley civilization included houses with wells and bathrooms, systems underground drainage, a writing system fully developed, impressive architecture and a well planned urban center. In the 2nd millennium BC AD, the region of Punjab was mentioned in the hymns of the Hindu Rigveda as Sapta Sindhu and the Zoroastrian Avesta as Hapta Hindu (the two terms meaning seven rivers).
Zanskar is its tributary on the left bank of Ladakh. This region was home to the ancient civilization of the Indus Valley, one of the oldest known civilizations. The civilization of the Indus Valley began to decline around 1800 BCE. Many objects have scriptures, but to date, the writing has not been translated. River fish is an important source of food for communities along the banks of the river. Archaeologists have discovered evidence of religious practices from 5500 BCE, and agriculture began around 4000 BC. It is the longest river in Pakistan, also crossing northwestern India, in addition to the Tibetan region of China and Pakistan. 515 BC This river was known to ancient Indians in Sanskrit as Sindhu, which is literally interpreted as meaning great body of water. The Indus formed the border between the Iranian and Indo-Aryan peoples